Infused with revolutionary zeal, when fighting superior forces the Free Officers give strength to those who fight by their side.
The Egyptian Revolution of 1952 was planned by a small group of Egyptian army officers who called for the nation’s independence and the abolition of the existing monarchical system. Led by Gamal Abdel Nasser behind the figurehead of Mohammed Naguib, they overthrew King Farouk on 23 July, 1952, and established the Arab Republic of Egypt on 18 June, 1953. All of the members of the Free Officers movement came from the same generation and similar social backgrounds. They established a development program for their country that they strove to implement upon their accession to power. Their program comprised six points of action: fighting imperialism, abolishing “feudal” political favoritism, reducing private monopolies and the influence of foreign capital, establishing a system based on the principles of social justice, strengthening the army, and building a stable political system.