A self-sufficient farmstead encircled by thick thorn bushes, to protect cattle and tribe alike.
In Maasai territory, enkangs were the most common form of collective housing. These villages, built with branches, clay and cattle dung, were generally home to several different families. Largely constructed on the open savannah, their design followed a characteristic structure that met the specific needs of the communities’ social and economic organization.
Around a central enclosure, used to corral the cattle at night, were several family cells including a hut for each female member of the household and an individual enclosure for the small livestock (goats, sheep). The whole village was surrounded by a thick fence of sharp thorn bushes that protected the tribe and cattle from rival tribes and other predators.
The Maasai grazed their herds on the outskirts of their enkangs and, as the seasons passed, wouldn’t hesitate to abandon them in search of fresher pastures in other regions.